Dating english pottery marks
Some firms have only a single mark that was in use for many years.Most people have probably heard of Staffordshire Porcelain, and most vintage and antique porcelain collectors are probably familiar with the name. It is also a type of porcelain which was known as salt-glazed, or creamware porcelain, but these aren’t the only types produced there.Every collector knows that the quickest way to identify a piece of pottery or porcelain is to identify the mark, but sometimes it's unreliable because marks are often forged and changed.This is a listing of the better-known marks and backstamps and enough information so that you can learn more about your porcelains. Obviously, the original name of a German company was in German. "1895–1900" means the mark may have been used during those years.As porcelain makers worked to improve their formulas, a new combination using bone ash was discovered.This led to the production of a porcelain called bone-china, which was harder and more elegant looking, and more like the revered Chinese porcelain that set the standards for fine porcelain.The majority of the collection dated to the mid-19th century and comprised Staffordshire Figures which are primarily of animals and famous people.Some pieces, however, were as early as the 1770’s and other pieces dated to the early 1900’s.
This process produced a sturdy utilitarian type of porcelain and was the predominate output for many years.
The marks were chosen primarily so this listing would be useful to the average collector. Most of the marks listed are from the United States, England, Germany, and France.
Some factories are represented by many marks because each one gives dating information.
As a region, Staffordshire became the hub for many English porcelain makers and manufactories because of its close proximity to the source of Devonshire clay, a prime ingredient in the formula for most types of English porcelain.
Its location was also central to major water and land transports of the time, which is another important consideration when deciding where to establish a manufacturing facility.